GIS in Archaeology


What is GIS?
GIS stands for Geographic Information System. GIS technology can be used for scientific investigations, resource management, and development planning. A GIS is a computer system capable of assembling, storing, manipulating, and displaying geographically referenced information.The data can be captured and filed using computers. Maps can be built with variuous layers of information. The computers can be used to manipulate this data to perform complex analysis. The condition of the Earth's surface, atmosphere, and subsurface can be examined by feeding satellite data into a GIS. GIS technology gives researchers the ability to examine the variations in Earth processes over days, months, and years.

Archeological Remote Sensing Library of Geophysical Imagery
Imagery in this library is derived from archaeological remote sensing projects conducted primarily by the Archeo-Imaging Lab at the University of Arkansas. These projects utilize a suite of near-surface geophysical prospecting methods including ground penetrating radar, proton magnetometry, fluxgate gradiometry, electrical resistivity, and electromagnetic induction methods.

North American Database of Archaeological Geophysics
Database and website that aims to promote use, education, communication, and a knowledge base of the practice of archaeological geophysics in North America. Image library, projects database, bibliography, educational materials, instruments and manufacturer, practioners, and events.

GIS in Archaeology
This website provides general overview of the use of Geographic Information Systems(GIS) in archaeology. The website is hosted by the University of Alabama Office of Archaeological Research.

Satellite Remote Sensing and Archaeology
This website aims to provide a focus for information relating to the application of satellite imagery to archaeology. A search facility is also available.